Health Program

 Obesity

Definition


Obesity is a disease that affects nearly one third of the American adult population. It has been on the rise since the 1960’s and is not slowing down. To be considered obese you have to have a BMI (body mass index) of 30 or more.


Causes


There are many causes that contribute to obesity. Some people have a genetic tendency to store more fat than others. Another leading cause is the environmental factors of the individual. If the individual is not in an environment that promotes health they will have no knowledge of what kinds of healthy foods to each or that they should exercise.


Risk Factors


  • Weight gain increases with age

  • Family History of obesity

  • Eating high calorie foods

  • Inactivity

  • Overeating to cope with problems


Risk Groups


  • Smokers

  • Pregnant women

  • People who consume a lot of alcohol

  • People who are taking antidepressants


Treatment


Obesity is easily treated by losing wait. You can achieve weight loss by diet and exercise, or by gastric bypass surgery.


Prevention


To prevent becoming obese maintain healthy eating habits and maybe try to improve your healthy eating patterns. Make sure you get regular exercise.


Statistics


  • Men and women equally are at risk for becoming obese

  • About one-third of adult Americans are obese

  • 15.3 percent of children between the ages of 6 and 11 and 15.5 percent of children ages 12 through 19 were overweight in the year 2000