Health Program

 Lung Cancer

Definition


“Lung cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the lungs”. It happens when the body stops making healthy cells and abnormal cells starts growing in the body system. These abnormal cells reproduce themselves and starts growing and dividing out of control over good cells, forming mass of tissue called “a growth or tumor”. The word “cancers” refers to the meaning of “malignant tumors” that spread throughout the body system.


Risk Factors


* Lung disease such as Tuberculosis: the cause of scarring of the lung tissue.


*Personal Lung Cancer History: once the person is diagnosed with lung cancer, reoccurrence risk is higher than for those who have never had lung cancer.


* Pollution: the risk of living in highly polluted cities is similar to the risk associated with non-smokers being exposed to second hand smoke over a long period of time.


* Agents Encountered in Industrial Settings: adding together Asbestos and Radon, yet, still are other cancer causing agents (carcinogens), which are a great danger in the workplace. People at risk include workers being exposed to breathe such chemicals.


* Age: It is rare to treat young people with Lung Cancer, although its risk increases by age 40.


* Gender: American men reflect a higher risk of Lung Cancer than American women, thus their smoking habits differ in intensity.


Statistics and Risk Groups


Lung Cancer deaths are more common than we think, in both men and women. According to 2002 “most recent year for which statistics are currently available”, Lung Cancer reports higher increase in deaths among breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer.


According to the Department of Health and Human Services in 2002: *100,099 males and 80,163 females were diagnosed with Lung Cancer. *90,121 males and 67,509 females died from Lung Cancer.


Lung Cancer is the second type of cancer among males living in the United States, and the second most common cancer among White, American Indian and Alaska Native females. The third most common cancer ranks among Black, Asian, Pacific Islander and Hispanic females.


Treatment


Nowadays, diverse alternatives exist to treat cancer, depending on the level of stage of the tumor. After the cancer has being found and diagnosed, a health care team will talk about the best treatment option for the patient.


Lung Cancer treatment can be administered using a single therapy method or in combination depending of the advancement of the tumor.


*Surgery: is used to remove cancerous lung tissue within the lung.


*Chemotherapy: in some cases this option is used as the primary Lung Cancer treatment, in combination with surgery. Chemotherapy is mainly anticancer medication given directly into the vein or by mouth.


* Radiation: high doses of radiation are given to exterminate cancer cells from outside of the body. This type of radiation therapy is applied on lung cancer patients whose health is fragile.


Prevention


Believe it or not, lung cancer is one of the most “miserable” cancers a human being can suffer, but also, lung cancer is one of the most “preventable” ones. Protective factors help decrease the chances of lung cancer.


  • Number one thing to do is smoking- your body will thank you for it.

  • Fruits and vegetable more often- rich in antioxidants help repair damaged cells in your body system.

  • Test your home- a tasteless, odorless gas occurs naturally in the soil. Your house might have been built in an exposed area.

  • Avoid or limit exposure- chemicals such as gas, diesel, arsenic, vinyl or other type are consider carcinogens and can be a great risk for developing lung cancer.

  • Run away from second hand smoke- carcinogens in cigarette smoke decrease healthy cell growth.


Smoke Free El Paso


American Lung Association


CDC